Tartu Declaration

In May 1997, CEENET  in cooperation with the Estonian Educational and Research Network (EENet) and the Computing Centre of the Tartu University, has organized its 1st Networking Policy Workshop in Tartu, Estonia, sponsored by NATO.

56 participants from 19 countries, representing governments, parliaments, networking organizations and scientific institutions, discussed the challenges of the information society for the academic community and their networks. The situation of national networks and information infrastructures, of research and technological development as well as of training and education in the CEENet countries were analyzed in the context of European and global developments.

To stress the specific role of the academic community and its networks within the global information infrastructure, the participants of the CEENet Workshop on Networking Policy adopted on 31 May 1997 in Tartu, Estonia, the following :

“CEENet Tartu Declaration”

The Challenge

The Information Age is about people and not just about technology. In this the academic community has a special responsibility and a special role to play. It has to be at the forefront of the creation of the information society both as a driving force and as a testbed. Education, research and technological development is crucial and is carried out increasingly on a global scale. Networking is one necessary and essential precondition which will enable CEENet countries to leapfrog into the next century. To fulfil its task the academic community needs the tools to communicate and to network independently and freely without any frontiers.

The Situation

In the CEENet countries there is typically an awareness of the challenges of the information age, a political will and a lot of enthusiasm to develop networks and services. It is evident that most of the CEENet countries have achieved significant results in the establishment and development of their national networks for the research, academic and education community. All countries have similar interests, needs and driving forces towards the information society. At the same time this region is characterized by different levels of political, social and economic transformation among the countries. There are differences in the legal frameworks, in the quality of the physical infrastructure, in the connectivity of the networks, in the level of liberalization of telecommunication networks and services, in administrative structures, in the training and education systems. In order to avoid the widening of these gaps efforts have to be made to enable all CEENet countries to participate in global networking for education, research and technological development on an equal basis.

The Goals, Ways and Principles

By taking into consideration the realities in the CEENet countries, the goals of CEENet are

To achieve these goals CEENet upholds the principles of

While recognizing that financial resources are crucial, CEENet stresses also that innovative ideas and creativity will be even more important to reach its objectives.

The Problems

The main problems in the CEENet countries are, inter alia and with differences from country to country,


Taking into account the worldwide discussion on the global information society, and in particular documents adopted by G7, the European Union, including the EU-CEEC Information Society Forum, as well as by other governmental and non-governmental organizations dealing with networking and education, research and technological development, the participants of the CEENet workshop adopt the following recommendations:

1. In the field of Policy CEENet recommends that

2. In the field ofNetworksCEENet recommends that

3. In the field of Funding CEENet recommends that

4. In the field of Education and Training CEENet recommends that

5. In the field of Public-Private Partnership CEENet recommends that

6. In the field of International Cooperation CEENet recommends that